Russian President Vladimir Putin signed a federal law on the Foundation for Advanced Research (FAR), the press service of the Kremlin says. The law was passed by the Parliament on the 28th of September and approved by the Federation Council on the 10th of October.
The main goal of the FAR is the promotion of research and development in the interests of national defense and security. The media called the FAR the Russian analogue of U.S. DARPA (Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency).
Rights to intellectual property created during the implementation of projects commissioned by the fund, as well as the property acquired by the organization under contracts, will belong to the state.
The FAR will replace the Military-Industrial Commission, headed by the Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin, and will be governed by the Ministry of Defense and the Russian government. The governing bodies of the agency will be the board of trustees, the board of administration and CEO.
The U.S. Advanced Research Projects Agency was founded in 1958 in response to the launch of the first Earth satellite by the Soviet Union. DARPA participated in the creation of such projects as the Internet, Unix (formed the basis of operating systems Linux, MAC OS, and others) and TCP/IP protocol. DARPA is sponsoring, in particular, the development of various robots in the interests of the Pentagon.